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Trends in FDI Before and After the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) of 2017 made several changes to the U.S. tax system to enhance competitiveness and discourage profit shifting to low-tax jurisdictions by U.S. multinationals. Among them were a new 10 percent minimum tax on companies with significant cross-border transactions (BEAT) and new tax rates on deemed intangible income (GILTI […]

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How FDI Adds Value to Supply Chains

The COVID-19 pandemic brought increased attention to U.S. global supply chains, as the pandemic impacted critical components within U.S. manufacturing. The attention has led to calls to structure U.S. tax policy to encourage firms to expand their manufacturing capacity in the U.S., under the belief domestic supply chains are inherently less risky than global ones. […]

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Testimony: Pennsylvania Should Respond to Inflation with Structural Tax Reforms

Note: The following is Tax Foundation testimony regarding how Pennsylvania can mitigate challenges of inflation through structural tax reforms. It was presented, by request, to the Pennsylvania House Majority Policy Committee on June 21, 2022. Good morning, Chairman Causer and Members of the Committee, My name is Timothy Vermeer, and I am a Senior Policy […]

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The U.S. Tax Burden on Labor

The Biden administration has put forward significant plans for changing tax policy, including tax changes that would impact workers. While the administration is trying to narrowly target tax hikes to individuals who earn more than $400,000 and provide tax relief to families, it is helpful to understand what the tax burden looks like for workers outside of […]

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Carbon Taxes and the Future of Green Tax Reform

Key Findings By driving changes to the climate, carbon emissions will impose major long-term economic costs, both here in the U.S. and around the world. Carbon taxes are an option to make the market reflect future costs of carbon emissions, discouraging emissions and incentivizing development and implementation of clean technology. Carbon taxes also come with […]

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Why FDI Matters for U.S. Employment, Wages, and Productivity

The Biden administration has offered several proposals to reform the taxation of U.S. multinationals, addressing profit shifting as well as a broader view that offshoring is bad for the U.S. economy and firms should be encouraged to “reshore” as much activity to the United Sates as possible. Contrary to the Biden administration’s claims, raising taxes […]

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The Impact of Individual Income Tax Changes on Economic Growth

Key Findings Research almost invariably shows a negative relationship between income tax rates and gross domestic product (GDP). The mobility of higher-skilled and higher income earners in an open economy works against the effort of progressive state and local tax systems to achieve long-term redistribution of income. The likelihood of an employed head of household […]

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The Legacy of Harvard Economist Dale Jorgenson

Noted economist Dale W. Jorgenson, the Samuel W. Morris University Professor at Harvard University, passed away on June 8. He was 89. Dr. Jorgenson’s insights and analytical approach have enormously improved the understanding by the economics community of the effect of taxation on capital formation. He developed the concept of the cost of capital, the […]

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Pro-Growth Tax Reforms Throughout the Republican Study Committee’s FY 2023 Budget

The Republican Study Committee (RSC) released its FY 2023 budget today, led by Budget and Spending Task Force Chair Rep. Kevin Hern (R-OK) and RSC Chairman Jim Banks (R-IN), and prescribes several pro-growth tax reforms that would simplify the tax code and encourage business investment. Among the most impactful reforms are permanence for the Tax […]

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Public and Private R&D are Complements, Not Substitutes

Congress is hammering out the details of legislation designed to make the U.S. more competitive with China. Any package to incentivize further R&D should begin by ending the current tax penalty against it.   While the House and Senate-passed versions of the competitiveness legislation differ, they would support American semiconductor manufacturing, increase public funding for […]