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Yes, the U.S. Tax Code Is Progressive

As Congress considers several tax proposals designed to raise taxes on high-income earners, it’s worth considering the distribution of the existing tax code. While the image that rich Americans pay little taxes is popular, it’s a misconception: high-income individuals already pay a large share of taxes, even when compared to their share of national income. […]

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Historical U.S. Federal Corporate Income Tax Rates & Brackets, 1909-2020

2018-2020      All taxable income 21 For tax years beginning after 2017, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (P.L. 115-97) replaced the graduated corporate tax structure with a flat 21% corporate tax rate. 1993-2017      First $50,000 15 The Revenue Reconciliation Act of 1993  increased the maximum corporate tax rate to 35% for corporations withtaxable […]

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Sources of Personal Income, Tax Year 2018

Key Findings Taxpayers reported nearly $11.8 trillion of total income on their 2018 tax returns. About 67 percent ($7.9 trillion) of the total income reported on Form 1040 consisted of wages and salaries, and 82 percent of all tax filers reported earning wage income. Retirement accounts such as 401(k)s and pensions are important sources of […]

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Sales Tax Rates in Major Cities, Midyear 2021

Table of Contents Key Findings There are over 11,000 sales tax jurisdictions in the United States, with widely varying rates. Among major cities, Tacoma, Washington imposes the highest combined state and local sales tax rate, at 10.30 percent. Five other cities—Fremont, Los Angeles, and Oakland, California; Chicago, Illinois; and Seattle, Washington—are tied for the second […]

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Asian and Pacific Countries Faced Revenue Loss Prior to COVID-19 Outbreak

The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) recently published a report on tax revenue statistics in selected Asian and Pacific countries. The report, covering 24 tax jurisdictions, provides tax revenue data from 1990 to 2019 and includes a section on nontax revenue data for selected Asian and Pacific economies. Additionally, a special feature co-authored by the […]

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Compare Tobacco Tax Data in Your State

In the United States, tobacco is taxed at both the federal and state and sometimes even local levels. These layers of taxes often result in very high levels of taxation—the highest of any consumer item. The retail price of cigarettes, for instance, is more than 40 percent taxes on average. In some states, like Minnesota […]

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State and Local Sales Tax Rates, Midyear 2021

Table of Contents Key Findings Forty-five states and the District of Columbia collect statewide sales taxes. Local sales taxes are collected in 38 states. In some cases, they can rival or even exceed state rates. The five states with the highest average combined state and local sales tax rates are Louisiana (9.55 percent), Tennessee (9.547 […]

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Joint Committee on Taxation Data Shows Federal Tax System Is Progressive

The Joint Committee on Taxation (JCT) recently released data on taxes paid at various levels of income, indicating the federal tax system is progressive, consistent with similar analysis by the Congressional Budget Office (CBO), and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). The JCT found that the bottom 50 percent of taxpayers faced an […]

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OECD Report: Tax Revenue as a Percent of GDP in Latin American and Caribbean Countries Is below the OECD Average

The Organisation for Co-operation and Economic Development (OECD) has compiled tax revenue data for countries around the world—including 27 Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) countries, where tax revenue as a percent of GDP is on average 11 percentage points lower than in other regions. On average, the tax-to-GDP ratio for 26 countries (excluding Venezuela due […]

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Federal Capital Gains Tax Collections, 1954-2018

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