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Carbon Taxes in Europe

In recent years, several countries have taken measures to reduce carbon emissions using environmental regulations, emissions trading systems (ETS), and carbon taxes. In 1990, Finland was the world’s first country to introduce a carbon tax. Since then, 16 European countries have followed, implementing carbon taxes that range from less than €1 per metric ton of […]

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Sweden’s 2021 Budget: Permanent Income Tax Cuts

As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, the economies of many countries have been significantly damaged. In Sweden, GDP is expected to fall by 4.6 percent in 2020, despite the country’s lack of business and school lockdowns. In August, Sweden’s unemployment rate was 9 percent. Unsurprisingly, Sweden’s economic recovery is a priority in the upcoming […]

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Looking Back on 30 Years of Carbon Taxes in Sweden

Key Findings Implemented in 1991, Sweden’s carbon tax was one of the first in the world, second only to Finland’s carbon tax, which was implemented a year earlier. Sweden levies the highest carbon tax rate in the world, at SEK 1,190 (US $126) per metric ton of CO2. The tax is primarily levied on fossil […]