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How Will Build Back Better Impact Inflation?

Last week, the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) announced that prices had risen 6.2 percent in the year up to October 2021, the fastest rate since 1990. The persistently high inflation in recent months has made some lawmakers question the need for additional deficit spending. In the short term, the Build Back Better Act (BBBA) […]

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Reviewing How TCJA Impacted Mortgage Interest and State and Local Tax Deductions

Two major provisions in the federal tax code have been limited since the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) of 2017: the state and local tax (SALT) deduction and the home mortgage interest deduction (MID). Limiting the two provisions helped broaden the tax base, offsetting tax revenue loss from reduced tax rates. The limitations are […]

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2017 Tax Changes Increase the Benefit of Uncapping SALT Deductions for High Income Taxpayers

As policymakers weigh whether to lift or repeal the $10,000 cap on state and local tax (SALT) deductions enacted by the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA), they have to wrestle with how that change would primarily benefit high-earning taxpayers. As some have pointed out, other TCJA changes may further increase the benefits of an […]

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Reviewing Benefits of the State and Local Tax Deduction by County in 2018

Download PDF As Congress considers repealing or making more generous the $10,000 state and local tax deduction cap in the budget reconciliation process, it is helpful to review how the state and local tax (SALT) deduction is taken by taxpayers across U.S. counties. Using 2018 data from the Internal Revenue Service, we can examine how […]

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Trade-offs of Expanding Individual Tax Credits While Repealing SALT Deduction

A key theme of our Options for Reforming America’s Tax Code 2.0 is that tax policy is a matter of trade-offs. For example, expanding the generosity of tax credits for lower-income individuals can help make the tax code more progressive, but it also reduces federal revenue. Pairing a credit expansion with a tax offset may […]

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Relaxing State and Local Tax Deduction Cap Would Make Tax Code Less Progressive

As President Biden’s tax plans are considered in Congress, the future of the $10,000 cap for state and local tax deductions (SALT) is becoming an important part of the tax debate. Certain members of the House and Senate want the SALT deduction cap removed, which would benefit primarily higher earners—and result in a $380 billion […]

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Alabama Passes Tax Reform Aimed at Throwback, GILTI, and More

Lawmakers in Alabama introduced several tax-related provisions last session, but the pandemic cut short their efforts. This year, policymakers returned with HB 170, which passed both chambers unanimously, and which Governor Kay Ivey (R) signed into law as Public Act 2021-1 on February 11. The bill combines pandemic-era tax policy responses with broader tax policy […]

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Who Benefits from the State and Local Tax Deduction?

As President Joe Biden and policymakers in Congress consider changes in tax policy over the coming year, the fate of the $10,000 state and local tax (SALT) deduction cap will be an ongoing part of the policy debate. Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer (D-NY) has expressed interest in repealing the SALT cap, which was originally […]

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Taxes and New York’s Fiscal Crisis: Evaluating Revenue Proposals to Close the State’s Budget Gap

Executive Summary At first glance, New York faces projected budget shortfalls as arresting as the New York City skyline, and to meet the challenge, some have proposed taxes that would rival that skyline for staggering height. The challenge confronting policymakers is real, though perhaps not as dire as once feared. Its intensity depends on the […]

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A Carbon Tax to Make the TCJA’s Individual Provisions Permanent

Key Findings At the end of 2025, most individual income tax provisions of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) will expire, increasing taxes on individuals. Making these provisions permanent is estimated to reduce federal tax revenues by $176 billion annually (in 2021 dollars). While making these provisions permanent would increase the long-run size of […]