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Push for Higher Taxes is Misguided During a Time of Inflation and Looming Recession

Efforts to raise taxes on corporations and high-income earners recently hit a brick wall when U.S. Senator Joe Manchin (D-WV) once again expressed concerns about inflation and a potential recession. That would seem to be the end of the story, as there is no reason to think inflation will be going away anytime soon and […]

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Pennsylvania Cuts Corporate Net Income Tax Rate

Over the past decade, policymakers from both parties in Harrisburg have proposed reducing Pennsylvania’s 9.99 percent corporate net income tax (CNIT) rate but could not agree on an approach—until now. With enactment of HB 1342 as part of the 2022-2023 state budget, lawmakers finally succeeded in cutting what had been the second highest state corporate […]

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Idaho’s Tax Hiking Ballot Measure Is Riddled With Mistakes

A pending tax ballot measure in Idaho may take the prize for gaffe-riddled drafting. Proponents had a straightforward goal: to create a new top marginal individual income tax rate of 10.925 percent on high earners. That is dubious enough, as it would create the highest rate between New York and California. But through a series of […]

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Ranking Individual Income Taxes on the 2022 State Business Tax Climate Index

This week’s map examines states’ rankings on the individual income tax component of our 2022 State Business Tax Climate Index. The individual income tax is important to businesses because states tax sole proprietorships, partnerships, and in most cases limited liability companies (LLCs) and S corporations under the individual income tax code. However, even traditional C corporations are […]

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Top Tax Rate on Pass-through Business Income Would Exceed 50 Percent in Most States Under House Dems’ Plan

Under the House Democrats’ reconciliation plan, the top tax rate on pass-through business income would exceed 50 percent in most states. Pass-through businesses, such as sole proprietorships, S corporations, and partnerships, make up a majority of businesses and majority of private sector employment in the United States. The owners of these firms pay individual income tax on income derived from these […]

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Analysis of Sen. Wyden’s Pass-through Deduction Proposal

Senator Ron Wyden (D-OR) recently introduced the Small Business Tax Fairness Act—the impact of which we modeled—to reform the Section 199A pass-through business deduction created in the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) of 2017. The provision currently allows taxpayers to deduct up to 20 percent of their qualified business income from their taxable income, […]

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How Biden’s Tax Plans Could Negatively Impact Housing

Within the last year, the median sales price of houses sold in the United States rose by 16.2 percent while sales of new single-family houses dropped by 19.4 percent, an indication that demand for housing continues to outpace supply. While President Biden has many proposals aimed at increasing the supply of affordable housing, including tax […]

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Biden Plan’s Higher Taxation of Businesses Would Boost Collections to Highest in 40-Plus Years

President Biden’s tax proposals released as part of his fiscal year 2022 budget would collect about $2 trillion in new tax revenue from businesses over 10 years. This new revenue would bring income tax collections on businesses as a portion of GDP to its highest level on a sustained basis in over 40 years. Income […]

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How Biden’s Corporate Tax Increases Could Make Tax Enforcement Harder

Taxing wealthy individuals and corporations while improving tax enforcement is one of the main themes in the Biden administration’s tax agenda, but raising the corporate tax rate to 28 percent (as in the American Jobs Plan) complicates enforcement efforts by encouraging businesses to form as pass-through firms that tend to have lower rates of tax […]

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New Research Finds Limited Effects on Taxpayer Behavior from Pass-through Deduction

While proponents of the Section 199A pass-through deduction claimed it would boost investment and critics claimed it would encourage tax avoidance and income shifting, new research casts doubt on both claims. The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (TCJA) enacted the new provision that allows taxpayers with income from pass-through businesses (S corps, partnerships, […]