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Top Tax Rate on Pass-through Business Income Would Exceed 50 Percent in Most States Under House Dems’ Plan

Under the House Democrats’ reconciliation plan, the top tax rate on pass-through business income would exceed 50 percent in most states. Pass-through businesses, such as sole proprietorships, S corporations, and partnerships, make up a majority of businesses and majority of private sector employment in the United States. The owners of these firms pay individual income tax on income derived from these […]

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Analysis of Sen. Wyden’s Pass-through Deduction Proposal

Senator Ron Wyden (D-OR) recently introduced the Small Business Tax Fairness Act—the impact of which we modeled—to reform the Section 199A pass-through business deduction created in the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) of 2017. The provision currently allows taxpayers to deduct up to 20 percent of their qualified business income from their taxable income, […]

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How Biden’s Tax Plans Could Negatively Impact Housing

Within the last year, the median sales price of houses sold in the United States rose by 16.2 percent while sales of new single-family houses dropped by 19.4 percent, an indication that demand for housing continues to outpace supply. While President Biden has many proposals aimed at increasing the supply of affordable housing, including tax […]

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Biden Plan’s Higher Taxation of Businesses Would Boost Collections to Highest in 40-Plus Years

President Biden’s tax proposals released as part of his fiscal year 2022 budget would collect about $2 trillion in new tax revenue from businesses over 10 years. This new revenue would bring income tax collections on businesses as a portion of GDP to its highest level on a sustained basis in over 40 years. Income […]

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How Biden’s Corporate Tax Increases Could Make Tax Enforcement Harder

Taxing wealthy individuals and corporations while improving tax enforcement is one of the main themes in the Biden administration’s tax agenda, but raising the corporate tax rate to 28 percent (as in the American Jobs Plan) complicates enforcement efforts by encouraging businesses to form as pass-through firms that tend to have lower rates of tax […]

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New Research Finds Limited Effects on Taxpayer Behavior from Pass-through Deduction

While proponents of the Section 199A pass-through deduction claimed it would boost investment and critics claimed it would encourage tax avoidance and income shifting, new research casts doubt on both claims. The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (TCJA) enacted the new provision that allows taxpayers with income from pass-through businesses (S corps, partnerships, […]

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Portland Small Business Owners Facing Weirdly High New Taxes—and It Could Get Worse

Newly implemented county and regional taxes yield state and local top marginal tax rates in excess of 26 percent for many Portland small businesses, and if all of President Biden’s tax proposals were adopted, those owners could face all-in marginal rates of more than 80 percent, far and away the highest in the country going […]

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Reviewing Effective Tax Rates Faced by Corporate Income

Among President-elect Joe Biden’s proposals is increasing taxes on corporate income, both at the entity level and at the shareholder level. If enacted, Biden’s plan would reduce after-tax income for corporations and shareholders across the income distribution, reduce economic growth by over 1.5 percent, and eliminate more than half-a-million jobs. Increasing taxes on corporate income […]

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Three-Fourths of New 2016 Investment Was Excluded from Improved Cost Recovery

Recent IRS data gives us insights into new capital expenditures made by both individuals and corporations in 2016. In total, the IRS estimates that individuals reported $347.1 billion in capital expenditures and corporations reported nearly $1 trillion of assets placed into service. An important takeaway from this data is that it sheds light on what […]

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Marginal Tax Rates for Pass-through Businesses by State

Pass-through businesses, such as sole proprietorships, S corporations, and partnerships, make up a majority of businesses in the United States. The owners of these firms pay individual income tax on income derived from these businesses. The marginal tax rates vary for pass-through firms depending on the state where they operate, as states tax individual income […]