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Making the Expanded Child Tax Credit Permanent Would Cost Nearly $1.6 Trillion

Families with children will see a significant increase in their maximum child tax credit (CTC) in 2021 thanks to the American Rescue Plan Act (ARPA) expanding child-related tax benefits. President Biden is now exploring how to make the ARPA’s temporary expansion of the CTC permanent. Whether and how lawmakers choose to finance a permanent expansion […]

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U.S. COVID-19 Relief Provided More Than $60,000 in Benefits to Many Unemployed Families

With passage of the American Rescue Plan (ARP), much of the $6 trillion in relief over the past year was directed to the unemployed in unemployment insurance (UI) benefits and to low- and moderate-income households in stimulus payments and child tax credits (CTC). The unemployment insurance benefits paired existing state-level weekly aid with a federal […]

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The American Rescue Plan Act Greatly Expands Benefits through the Tax Code in 2021

American Rescue Plan Act of 2021 The United States has provided about $6 trillion in total economic relief to the American people during the coronavirus pandemic, including the $1.9 trillion that was approved when President Biden signed the American Rescue Plan (ARP) Act into law on Thursday, amounting to about 27 percent of gross domestic […]

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Facts and Figures 2021: How Does Your State Compare?

Was this page helpful to you? Thank You! The Tax Foundation works hard to provide insightful tax policy analysis. Our work depends on support from members of the public like you. Would you consider contributing to our work? Contribute to the Tax Foundation Share This Article! Let us know how we can better serve you! […]

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Insights into the Tax Systems of Scandinavian Countries

Scandinavian countries are well-known for their broad social safety net and their public funding of services such as universal health care, higher education, parental leave, and child and elderly care. High levels of public spending naturally require high levels of taxation. In 2019, Denmark’s tax-to-GDP ratio was at 46.3 percent, Norway’s at 39.9 percent, and Sweden’s at […]

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Alabama Passes Tax Reform Aimed at Throwback, GILTI, and More

Lawmakers in Alabama introduced several tax-related provisions last session, but the pandemic cut short their efforts. This year, policymakers returned with HB 170, which passed both chambers unanimously, and which Governor Kay Ivey (R) signed into law as Public Act 2021-1 on February 11. The bill combines pandemic-era tax policy responses with broader tax policy […]

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House Ways and Means Committee Takes First Steps Toward Additional Coronavirus Relief Legislation

The nine legislative measures released by the House Ways and Means Committee under the budget reconciliation instructions begins to put legislative text to Congress’ next round of pandemic relief. The nine measures comprise more than half of the $1.9 trillion in additional coronavirus-related relief put forth by congressional Democrats and President Biden. The Ways and […]

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Sen. Romney’s Child Tax Reform Proposal Aims to Expand the Social Safety Net and Simplify Tax Credits

Sen. Mitt Romney (R-UT) this week proposed the Family Security Act, which features a new, more generous child allowance for families with children while reforming other sources of aid for low-income individuals. Romney’s plan would replace the existing Child Tax Credit (CTC), which is subject to a minimum income requirement and other limitations, with a […]

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Modeling Different Proposals for Round Three Direct Payments

President Joe Biden is calling for a third round of economic impact payments to households as part of his $1.9 trillion American Rescue Plan. Under the plan, the payments would be $1,400 per person, topping off the recent round of $600 payments for a combined $2,000 per person. Senate Republicans have proposed payment amounts of […]

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IRS Data Shows Who Benefited from the First Round of Economic Impact Payments

Newly published data from the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) shows that the first round of economic impact payments primarily benefited households earning less than $100,000. Lawmakers passed the first round of payments under the CARES Act in March 2020 and the Treasury Department began sending payments in early April 2020. The IRS sent more than […]