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Taxes and New York’s Fiscal Crisis: Evaluating Revenue Proposals to Close the State’s Budget Gap

Executive Summary At first glance, New York faces projected budget shortfalls as arresting as the New York City skyline, and to meet the challenge, some have proposed taxes that would rival that skyline for staggering height. The challenge confronting policymakers is real, though perhaps not as dire as once feared. Its intensity depends on the […]

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Prospects for Federal Tax Policy After the 2020 Election

As Americans receive more clarity on the outcome of the 2020 presidential and congressional elections, the prospects for federal tax policy headed into 2021 are also becoming clearer. A Biden administration may have to work with a Republican Senate majority (pending the results of runoff elections in Georgia) and a Democrat-controlled House to navigate various […]

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The Unintended Consequences of Higher Corporate Taxes on Income Inequality

Taxes paid by corporations and income inequality are both topics of national attention, particularly during the ongoing 2020 presidential campaign. Increasing the corporate tax rate is often offered as a solution to income inequality because higher-income individuals tend to own more corporate shares than others and may bear the burden of a tax increase on […]

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Details and Analysis of Democratic Presidential Nominee Joe Biden’s Tax Plan

October 2020 Update: Since our September analysis of the Biden plan, we have included the campaign proposal to expand the estate and gift tax by reducing the exemption amount to $3.5 million and increasing the top rate for the estate tax to 45 percent, which has impacted our economic, revenue, and distributional estimates. We have also […]

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Biden-Harris Proposals Can Raise Taxes on the Middle Class

Democratic presidential nominee Joe Biden and running mate Kamala Harris have said that, if elected, their administration would not raise taxes on anyone who makes less than $400,000 annually. We and other analysts from across the political spectrum concluded that the tax increases proposed by the Biden-Harris campaign, which include higher corporate and individual income […]

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Congressional Budget Office Releases 2017 Data on Household Income and Tax Burdens

Last week, the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) published an updated analysis of the distribution of American households’ income and tax burdens for 2017. The new CBO data reinforces existing trends in household income and tax burdens, showing that the federal tax system is progressive and incomes continued to rise in 2017 as part of the […]

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State and Local Tax Ballot Measures to Watch on Election Day 2020

Featured Ballot Measures Arizona Proposition 207 Arizona Proposition 207 would legalize recreational marijuana and tax retail sales at 16 percent of retail price. Arizona forecasts roughly $166 million in excise tax revenue when the market has matured, and this revenue would be allocated to community colleges, police departments, fire departments, transportation funding, and a new Justice […]

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Seventh Time’s the Charm: New Jersey Passes Millionaires Tax

After six unsuccessful tries at passage, it appears the coronavirus crisis has tipped the scales in favor of Gov. Phil Murphy’s (D) millionaires tax. After reaching a deal with legislators earlier this month, Murphy included a tax increase on those making more than $1 million in his FY 2021 budget. The New Jersey legislature confirmed […]

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Placing Joe Biden’s Tax Increases in Historical Context

Supporters and critics of Democratic presidential nominee Joe Biden’s tax plan have made a variety of claims about the size of the tax proposals, ranging from “not big enough” to the “biggest tax increase in history.” Comparing his tax proposals—which include higher taxes on high-income earners and businesses paired with more generous provisions for households […]

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Contrary to Popular Belief, Value-Added Taxes Found to Be Slightly Progressive

Up until now value-added taxes (VAT) were considered to be highly regressive taxes. Numerous studies have found that VAT appears to be regressive when measured as a percentage of current income. Nevertheless, a recent OECD paper used household expenditures microdata from 27 OECD countries to reassess this often-made conclusion that VAT is regressive. Value-added taxes […]