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Tax Burden on Labor in Europe

Governments with higher taxes generally tout that they provide more services as an explanation, and while that is often true, the cost of these services can be more than half of an average worker’s salary, and for most, at least a third of their salary. Individual income taxes, payroll taxes, and consumption taxes like value-added […]

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Capital Gains Tax Rates in Europe

In many countries, investment income, such as dividends and capital gains, is taxed at a different rate than wage income. Today’s map focuses on how capital gains are taxed, showing how capital gains tax rates differ across European OECD countries. When a person realizes a capital gain—that is, sells an asset for a profit—they face […]

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Corporate Income Tax Rates in Europe

European countries—like almost all countries around the world—require businesses to pay corporate income taxes on their profits. The amount of taxes a business ultimately pays on its profits depends on both the corporate tax base and the corporate tax rate. Today’s map shows how statutory corporate income tax rates compare across European OECD countries. Taking […]

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2022 VAT Rates in Europe

More than 170 countries worldwide—including all European countries—levy a Value-Added Tax (VAT) on goods and services. As today’s tax map shows, although harmonized to some extent by the European Union (EU), EU member states’ VAT rates vary across countries. The VAT is a consumption tax assessed on the value added in each production stage of […]

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Comparing Europe’s Tax Systems: Cross-Border Tax Rules

Today’s map looks at how European OECD countries rank on cross-border tax rules and is the last in our series examining each of the five components of our International Tax Competitiveness Index (ITCI). Cross-border tax rules define how income earned abroad and by foreign entities are taxed domestically, making them an important element of each country’s […]

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Corporate Tax Rates around the World, 2021

Key Findings In 2021, 20 countries made changes to their statutory corporate income tax rates. Three countries—Bangladesh, Argentina, and Gibraltar—increased their top corporate tax rates, while 17 countries—including Chile, Tunisia, and France—reduced their corporate tax rates. Comoros (50 percent), Puerto Rico (37.5 percent), and Suriname (36 percent) are the jurisdictions with the highest corporate tax rates […]

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Recent Changes in Corporate Income Tax Rates in Europe, 2018-2021

Corporate income tax rates have been declining around the world for the last two decades. Today’s map shows the most recent changes in corporate tax rates in European OECD countries, comparing how combined statutory corporate income tax rates have changed between 2018 and 2021. The average tax rate of all European countries covered has declined […]

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Territoriality of Tax Systems in Europe

Under a territorial tax system, multinational businesses primarily pay taxes to the countries in which they are physically located and earn their income. This means that territorial tax regimes do not generally tax the income companies earn in foreign countries. A worldwide tax system, on the other hand—such as the system previously employed by the […]

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Net Operating Loss Carryforward and Carryback Provisions in Europe

Loss carryover provisions allow businesses to either deduct current year losses against future profits (carryforwards) or current year losses against past profits (carrybacks). Many companies have investment projects with different risk profiles and operate in industries that fluctuate greatly with the business cycle. Carryover provisions help businesses “smooth” their risk and income, making the tax […]

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Tax Relief for Families in Europe

Most countries provide tax relief to families with children—typically through targeted tax breaks that lower income taxes. While all European OECD countries provide tax relief for families, its extent varies substantially across countries. One way to measure targeted tax relief for families is to compare the tax burdens on labor of a family with one […]