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Estate, Inheritance, and Gift Taxes in Europe

Inheritance tax dates back to the Roman Empire, which collected 5 percent of inherited property in order to pay soldiers’ pensions. Today, the practice is widespread. The majority of European countries covered in today’s map currently levy estate, inheritance, or gift taxes. These countries are Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, […]

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Distilled Spirits Taxes in Europe

All European Union (EU) countries levy excise duties on distilled alcohol; excise tax is applied to the cost of goods on purchase. The standard size of a liquor bottle in the EU is 700ml (23.7 oz). Many spirits, such as vodka, gin, rum, and whiskey, contain alcohol content in the range of 40 percent. The […]

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Cigarette Taxes in Europe

To ensure the functioning of its internal market, the EU sets a minimum excise duty on cigarettes. It consists of a specific component and an ad valorem component, resulting in a minimum overall excise duty of €1.80 (US $2.02) per 20-cigarette pack and 60 percent of an EU country’s weighted average retail selling price (certain exceptions […]

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Gas Taxes in Europe

To facilitate and foster cross-border trade and to prevent significant competitive distortions, the European Union requires EU countries to levy a minimum excise duty of €0.36 per liter (US $1.53 per gallon) on gas. As today’s map shows, only Bulgaria sticks to the minimum rate, while all other EU countries opt to levy higher excise […]

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Beer Taxes in Europe

According to EU law, every EU country is required to levy an excise duty on beer of at least €1.87 per 100 liters (26.4 gal) and degree of alcohol content, translating to approximately €0.03 per 330ml (11.2 oz) beer bottle at 5% abv. As today’s map shows, only a few EU countries stick to the minimum […]

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Wine Taxes in Europe

This is the beginning of a map series in which we’ll explore different types of excise taxes, starting with excise duties on wine. If you have ever wondered about the tax consequences of opening a bottle of wine—yes, there is a tax angle to everything—today’s map will provide you with some insights. As one might […]