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Integrated Tax Rates on Corporate Income in Europe

In most European OECD countries, corporate income is taxed twice, once at the entity level and once at the shareholder level. Before shareholders pay taxes, the business first faces the corporate income tax. A business pays corporate income tax on its profits; thus, when the shareholder pays their layer of tax they are doing so […]

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2021 VAT Rates in Europe

More than 140 countries worldwide—including all European countries—levy a Value-Added Tax (VAT) on goods and services. As today’s tax map shows, although harmonized to some extent by the European Union (EU), EU member states’ VAT rates vary across countries. The VAT is a consumption tax assessed on the value added in each production stage of […]

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Sparkling Wine Taxes in Europe

This week, people around the world will celebrate New Year’s Eve, with many opening a bottle of sparkling wine to wish farewell to—a rather consequential—2020 and offer a warm welcome to the—by many of us, long-awaited—new year 2021. If you have ever wondered about the tax consequences of opening that bottle of sparkling wine—yes, there […]

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Wealth Taxes in Europe

Net wealth taxes are recurrent taxes on an individual’s wealth, net of debt. The concept of a net wealth tax is similar to a real property tax. But instead of only taxing real estate, it covers all wealth an individual owns. As today’s map shows, only three European countries covered levy a net wealth tax, […]

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Corporate Tax Rates around the World, 2020

Key Findings In 2020, 10 countries made changes to their statutory corporate income tax rates. One country—Micronesia—increased its top corporate tax rate, while nine countries—Armenia, Belgium, Colombia, France, French Polynesia, Greenland, Monaco, Togo, and Zimbabwe—reduced their corporate tax rates. Comoros (50 percent), Puerto Rico (37.5 percent), and Suriname (36 percent) are the countries with the highest […]

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Reduced Corporate Income Tax Rates for Small Businesses in Europe

Corporate income taxes are commonly levied as a flat rate on business profits. However, some countries provide reduced corporate income tax rates for small businesses. Out of 27 European OECD countries covered in today’s map, nine levy a reduced corporate tax rate on businesses that have revenues or profits below a certain threshold. Belgium, France, […]

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Patent Box Regimes in Europe

Patent box regimes (also referred to as intellectual property, or IP, regimes) provide lower effective tax rates on income derived from IP. Most commonly, eligible types of IP are patents and software copyrights. Depending on the patent box regime, income derived from IP can include royalties, licensing fees, gains on the sale of IP, sales […]

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Comparing Europe’s Tax Systems: International Tax Rules

Today’s map looks at how European OECD countries rank on international tax rules and is the last in our series examining each of the five components of our 2020 International Tax Competitiveness Index (ITCI). International tax rules define how income earned abroad and by foreign entities are taxed domestically, making them an important element of […]

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Comparing Europe’s Tax Systems: Property Taxes

Today’s map shows how European OECD countries rank on property taxes, continuing our series on the component rankings of our 2020 International Tax Competitiveness Index (ITCI). Although an important element when measuring the neutrality and competitiveness of a country’s tax code, property taxes account on average for less than 5 percent of total tax revenue […]

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Comparing Europe’s Tax Systems: Individual Taxes

Our recently published 2020 International Tax Competitiveness Index (ITCI) measures and compares how well OECD countries promote sustainable economic growth and investment through competitive and neutral tax systems. This week, we examine how European OECD countries rank on individual taxes, continuing our series on the ITCI’s component rankings. The ITCI’s individual tax component scores OECD […]