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Biden and OECD Tax Proposals Would Hurt FDI

The Biden administration has proposed several changes to the U.S. international tax system that would raise taxes on multinational enterprises (MNEs). Similarly, the OECD’s tax proposals would raise taxes on MNEs. Together, the proposals would affect patterns of international investment and potentially decrease the volume of foreign direct investment (FDI). Under the tax proposals in […]

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Trends in FDI Before and After the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) of 2017 made several changes to the U.S. tax system to enhance competitiveness and discourage profit shifting to low-tax jurisdictions by U.S. multinationals. Among them were a new 10 percent minimum tax on companies with significant cross-border transactions (BEAT) and new tax rates on deemed intangible income (GILTI […]

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An International Tax Agenda for Congress on the Anniversary of the Global Tax Deal

Key Findings A year since the global tax deal was agreed to by more than 130 countries, progress on implementing legislation has hit a lull. Implementation of the minimum tax rules is not expected until the end of 2023 or in 2024. Since the 2017 U.S. tax reforms and other recent international rules changes, onshoring […]

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Comparing the Corporate Tax Systems in the United States and China

Key Findings Federal policymakers are debating a legislative package focused on boosting U.S. competitiveness vis-a-vis China; however, it currently contains little to no improvements to the U.S. tax code. The existing U.S. tax code is biased against capital investment and it is scheduled to worsen over the next decade. The tax bias against domestic investment […]

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How Heavily Taxed Are U.S. Multinationals?

Recent proposals from the Biden administration and congressional Democrats aim to hike taxes on the foreign profits of U.S. multinationals, resting on the claim that U.S. multinationals pay very low tax rates on these foreign profits. But how heavily taxed are they, and how would various proposals affect these tax rates? U.S. multinational enterprises (MNEs) […]

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Tax Foundation Comments on the Wyden, Warner, Brown Discussion Draft

Introduction Tax Foundation welcomes the opportunity to offer comments on the Wyden, Warner, Brown discussion draft on international taxation. Tax Foundation is a nonprofit think tank based in Washington, D.C., and our mission is to improve lives through tax policies that lead to greater economic growth and opportunity. We use the four principles of simplicity, […]

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Options for Reforming the Taxation of U.S. Multinationals

Key Findings We analyze four options for changing the taxation of U.S. muiltinationals: the full Biden administration proposal raises the federal corporate income tax liabilities of U.S. multinationals by $1.37 trillion over a decade; a partial version raises $580 billion; making GILTI consistent with Pillar 2 raises $137 billion; and a revenue-neutral option to fix […]

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Intellectual Property Came Back to U.S. after Tax Reform, but Proposals Could Change That

Tax policy can influence business decisions in a variety of ways, some more easily influenced than others. One decision that the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 impacted is where companies choose to hold their intellectual property (IP). International trade data shows a significant shift of IP assets into the U.S. in 2017. However, […]

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How Biden’s Business Tax Proposals Would Impact Taxpayers Across States

The Biden administration has proposed several tax increases on businesses, whether structured as C corporations subject to the corporate income tax or passthrough entities such as S corporations, partnerships, or sole proprietorships that are subject to the individual income tax. It is important to remember that those business taxes ultimately fall on people, including business […]

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New Research Shows Major Changes for U.S. Companies Earning Profits from Ireland

One of the challenges policymakers face is designing solutions that are targeted at actual problems. If data concerning a problem is either low-quality or out-of-date, then developing solutions becomes rather difficult. This challenge is particularly relevant to international tax policy. A problem that was identified in many studies at the beginning of the 21st century […]