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Yes, the U.S. Tax Code Is Progressive

As Congress considers several tax proposals designed to raise taxes on high-income earners, it’s worth considering the distribution of the existing tax code. While the image that rich Americans pay little taxes is popular, it’s a misconception: high-income individuals already pay a large share of taxes, even when compared to their share of national income. […]

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How Would House Dems’ Tax Plan Change Competitiveness of U.S. Tax Code?

The International Tax Competitiveness Index has been used to compare the tax systems of OECD countries since 2014. At that time, the United States ranked 28th out of 36 countries in the Index. Following the 2017 tax reform, the rank improved dramatically, to 20th, and the U.S. now ranks 21st. The legislation put forward by […]

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U.S. Would Have Third-Highest Corporate Tax Rate in OECD Under Ways and Means Plan

Was this page helpful to you? Thank You! The Tax Foundation works hard to provide insightful tax policy analysis. Our work depends on support from members of the public like you. Would you consider contributing to our work? Contribute to the Tax Foundation Share This Article! Let us know how we can better serve you! […]

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Tax Foundation Response to Ireland Department of Finance Consultation Document: Consultation on OECD International Tax Proposals

Introduction Tax Foundation welcomes the opportunity to respond to the public consultation on the OECD International Tax Proposals. Tax Foundation is a nonprofit think tank based in Washington, D.C., and our mission is to improve lives through tax policies that lead to greater economic growth and opportunity. We use the four principles of simplicity, neutrality, […]

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Tax Foundation Comments on the Wyden, Warner, Brown Discussion Draft

Introduction Tax Foundation welcomes the opportunity to offer comments on the Wyden, Warner, Brown discussion draft on international taxation. Tax Foundation is a nonprofit think tank based in Washington, D.C., and our mission is to improve lives through tax policies that lead to greater economic growth and opportunity. We use the four principles of simplicity, […]

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Expense Allocation: A Hidden Tax on Domestic Activities and Foreign Profits

The U.S. corporate tax code is a complicated behemoth, loaded with numerous arcane provisions—some of these providing special tax breaks, others imposing special tax penalties. Among the latter group, indirect expense allocation rules penalize domestic activities and impose a hidden surtax on foreign profits. While arcane, expense allocation rules are relevant to current debates because […]

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Historical U.S. Federal Corporate Income Tax Rates & Brackets, 1909-2020

2018-2020      All taxable income 21 For tax years beginning after 2017, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (P.L. 115-97) replaced the graduated corporate tax structure with a flat 21% corporate tax rate. 1993-2017      First $50,000 15 The Revenue Reconciliation Act of 1993  increased the maximum corporate tax rate to 35% for corporations withtaxable […]

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Claiming 97 Percent of Small Businesses Exempt from Biden Taxes Is Misleading

The Biden administration recently cited an analysis from Treasury claiming that “the President’s agenda will protect 97 percent of small business owners from income tax rate increases.” However, the figure is misleading. To assess the economic effect of higher marginal tax rates, it matters how much income or investment will be affected—not how many taxpayers. […]

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How Biden’s Tax Plans Could Negatively Impact Housing

Within the last year, the median sales price of houses sold in the United States rose by 16.2 percent while sales of new single-family houses dropped by 19.4 percent, an indication that demand for housing continues to outpace supply. While President Biden has many proposals aimed at increasing the supply of affordable housing, including tax […]

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Options for Reforming the Taxation of U.S. Multinationals

Key Findings We analyze four options for changing the taxation of U.S. muiltinationals: the full Biden administration proposal raises the federal corporate income tax liabilities of U.S. multinationals by $1.37 trillion over a decade; a partial version raises $580 billion; making GILTI consistent with Pillar 2 raises $137 billion; and a revenue-neutral option to fix […]