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Comparing Europe’s Tax Systems: International Tax Rules

Today’s map looks at how European OECD countries rank on international tax rules and is the last in our series examining each of the five components of our 2020 International Tax Competitiveness Index (ITCI). International tax rules define how income earned abroad and by foreign entities are taxed domestically, making them an important element of […]

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CFC Rules in Europe

Many businesses around the world operate in more than one country, making them subject to multiple tax jurisdictions. To prevent businesses from minimizing their tax liability by taking advantage of cross-country differences in taxation, countries have implemented various anti-tax avoidance measures, one known as Controlled Foreign Corporation (CFC) rules. CFC rules apply to certain income […]