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2022 VAT Rates in Europe

More than 170 countries worldwide—including all European countries—levy a Value-Added Tax (VAT) on goods and services. As today’s tax map shows, although harmonized to some extent by the European Union (EU), EU member states’ VAT rates vary across countries. The VAT is a consumption tax assessed on the value added in each production stage of […]

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Mississippi Nears Income Tax Repeal but Additional Work Is Necessary

Mississippi, like most states, realized a significant budget surplus in 2021 and projects continued revenue growth over the coming years. As lawmakers in Jackson determine how to best invest these funds, they must also reconcile the state’s position in an increasingly competitive tax environment. Over the last two years, Mississippians watched as the region was […]

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State Corporate Income Tax Rates and Brackets for 2022

Key Findings Forty-four states levy a corporate income tax. Rates range from 2.5 percent in North Carolina to 11.5 percent in New Jersey. Six states—Alaska, Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania—levy top marginal corporate income tax rates of 9 percent or higher. Eleven states—Arizona, Colorado, Indiana, Kentucky, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, North Dakota, Oklahoma, […]

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Net Operating Loss Provisions: State Treatment and the Economic Benefits

Key Findings Well-designed Net Operating Loss (NOL) provisions benefit the economy by smoothing business income, which mitigates entrepreneurial risk and helps firms survive economic downturns. Forgoing tax revenue in the short term affords businesses the opportunity to prioritize human and physical capital investment. Start-ups and industries with profits highly correlated to the business cycle are […]

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Comparing Europe’s Tax Systems: Cross-Border Tax Rules

Today’s map looks at how European OECD countries rank on cross-border tax rules and is the last in our series examining each of the five components of our International Tax Competitiveness Index (ITCI). Cross-border tax rules define how income earned abroad and by foreign entities are taxed domestically, making them an important element of each country’s […]

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State Tax Changes Effective January 1, 2022

Key Findings Twenty-one states and the District of Columbia had significant tax changes take effect on January 1, 2022 Five states (Arizona, Arkansas, Louisiana, North Carolina, and Oklahoma) cut individual income taxes effective January 1. The District of Columbia was the only jurisdiction to increase income taxes. Four states (Arkansas, Louisiana, Nebraska, and Oklahoma) saw […]

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California Considers Doubling its Taxes

A proposed constitutional amendment (ACA 11) in California would increase taxes by $12,250 per household, roughly doubling the state’s already high tax collections, to fund a first-in-the-nation single-payer health-care system. The top marginal rate on wage income would soar to 18.05 percent—nationally, the median top marginal rate is 5.3 percent—and the state would adopt a […]

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Eight Tax Reforms for Mobility and Modernization

Key Findings The post-pandemic economy will be characterized by greater mobility and new ways of living and doing business. States must take this opportunity to modernize their tax codes to reflect economic changes and to improve their competitive posture. Because the reality is that businesses that find their upward mobility constrained have more opportunities than […]

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Americans Moved to Low-Tax States in 2021

Americans were on the move in 2021, and they chose low-tax states over high-tax ones. That’s the finding of recent U.S. Census Bureau population data, along with commercial datasets released this week by U-Haul and United Van Lines. Nationally, the U.S. population only grew by 0.1 percent between July 2020 and July 2021, the lowest […]

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U.S. Fiscal Response to COVID-19 Among Largest of Industrialized Countries

As the Omicron variant continues to sweep through the world, it is possible there will be renewed talks of fiscal support if economic growth declines. For this reason, it is worth reviewing how various countries responded to the pandemic over the past two years. One thing stands out: The U.S. fiscal response was among the […]