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IMF Tax Proposals: Shrink Inequality or Sink Post-Pandemic Recovery?

Countries face twin economic challenges with the COVID-19 pandemic: maintain fiscal support to businesses that have been affected by the pandemic and prepare for an uneven and uncertain economic recovery, and work towards budgetary stability and reduce the risks associated with growing public debt. However, moving too fast towards budgetary stability either through tax hikes […]

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Washington State Lawmakers Consider 1,000% Tax Increase on Tobacco Businesses

Lawmakers in Washington are exploring an unusual way to affect nicotine consumption and increase taxes on tobacco products sold in the state. Instead of increasing the excise tax rate, which is currently $3.025 per pack of 20 cigarettes, sponsors of HB 1550 are suggesting increasing the Business & Occupations (B&O) tax on tobacco manufacturers and […]

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Facts and Figures 2021: How Does Your State Compare?

Was this page helpful to you? Thank You! The Tax Foundation works hard to provide insightful tax policy analysis. Our work depends on support from members of the public like you. Would you consider contributing to our work? Contribute to the Tax Foundation Share This Article! Let us know how we can better serve you! […]

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New Hampshire Bill Aims to Reduce Tax Burden on Businesses

A year ago, it seemed possible that New Hampshire was headed toward a triggered tax increase. Instead, lawmakers may trim business tax rates and begin the phaseout of the state’s tax on interest and dividend income, which would take away the asterisk and make New Hampshire the ninth state to forgo an individual income tax […]

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Reliance on Consumption Taxes in Europe

Today’s map highlights the extent to which European OECD countries rely on consumption tax revenue. Consumption taxes are on goods and services. All European countries levy consumption taxes in the form of Value-added Taxes (VAT), excise taxes, and other taxes on goods and services. In 2019 (most recent data available), consumption taxes were the largest […]

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Brits to Prepare for Tax Reforms

Originally intended to be presented during the fall of 2020, and postponed due to the COVID-19 pandemic, a new United Kingdom budget will finally be published on March 3. Although normally most tax rate changes come into effect on budget day or soon after, 2021’s tax reforms might need to wait. Consultations on policies that […]

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Join Us for a Free “State Tax Policy Boot Camp”

We’re about to launch a free six-week course in state taxation, and we’d like you to join us. This coming Tuesday, February 16th, the Tax Foundation will kick off its “State Tax Policy Boot Camp,” designed with lawmakers and legislative staff in mind, but ideal for anyone interested in gaining a better understanding of state […]

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Sources of Government Revenue in the OECD

Table of Contents Key Findings In 2019, OECD countries raised on average one-third of their tax revenue through consumption taxes such as the Value-added Tax (VAT), making consumption taxes the most important revenue source. Social insurance taxes and individual income taxes were the second and third most important sources of tax revenue in the OECD, […]

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Actionable VAT Policy Gap in Europe

Value-added taxes (VAT) make up approximately one-fifth of total tax revenues in Europe. However, European countries differ significantly in how efficiently they raise VAT revenues. One way to measure a country’s VAT efficiency is the VAT Gap. This measure looks at the difference between VAT revenue actually collected and collectable VAT revenue under an ideal […]

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2021 VAT Rates in Europe

More than 140 countries worldwide—including all European countries—levy a Value-Added Tax (VAT) on goods and services. As today’s tax map shows, although harmonized to some extent by the European Union (EU), EU member states’ VAT rates vary across countries. The VAT is a consumption tax assessed on the value added in each production stage of […]