Categories
Uncategorized

State Tax Changes Effective January 1, 2022

Key Findings Twenty-one states and the District of Columbia had significant tax changes take effect on January 1, 2022 Five states (Arizona, Arkansas, Louisiana, North Carolina, and Oklahoma) cut individual income taxes effective January 1. The District of Columbia was the only jurisdiction to increase income taxes. Four states (Arkansas, Louisiana, Nebraska, and Oklahoma) saw […]

Categories
Uncategorized

Why Washington State Can’t Claim Its Capital Gains Tax Is an Excise Tax

When is an income tax an excise tax? And for that matter, what exactly is an excise tax? The fate of Washington’s capital gains tax, currently in litigation, rests at least in part on the answer to these questions. By way of background, Washington’s supreme court has repeatedly held that the state’s constitution functionally prohibits […]

Categories
Uncategorized

Lawmakers Consider Untested and Complex Policies to Fund Reconciliation Bill

Tax reform should simplify the tax code. Instead, Congress is debating new ways to raise revenue that would make the tax code more complex and more difficult to administer. The new proposals—imposing an alternative minimum tax on corporate book income, applying an excise tax on stock buybacks, levying a surcharge on higher earners, and, at […]

Categories
Uncategorized

State Tax Ballot Measures to Watch on Election Day 2021

Election Day will be a modest affair in 2021, perhaps a welcome respite from the inflamed politics of recent years. Despite few statewide races, however, voters in some states will decide important questions by ballot measure. Of particular note, through 10 ballot measures across four states—Colorado, Louisiana, Texas, and Washington—voters will decide significant questions of […]

Categories
Uncategorized

The Rich Are Not Monolithic and Taxing Their Wealth Invites Tax Collection Volatility

Congressional Democrats are reported to be weighing a special tax on the assets of billionaires to raise revenues to pay for their Build Back Better spending plan. There are two fundamental challenges to such a plan. First, the incomes and wealth of such individuals are anything but stable; they rise and fall with the economy […]

Categories
Uncategorized

Proposed Top Combined Marginal Capital Gains Tax Rate Would Be Third-Highest in OECD

Was this page helpful to you? Thank You! The Tax Foundation works hard to provide insightful tax policy analysis. Our work depends on support from members of the public like you. Would you consider contributing to our work? Contribute to the Tax Foundation Share This Article! Let us know how we can better serve you! […]

Categories
Uncategorized

History of Attempted Changes to Step-Up in Basis Shows Perilous Road Ahead

As Congress considers President Biden’s proposal to tax unrealized capital gains at death, the history of previous efforts suggests it faces a perilous road ahead. Lawmakers must resolve tricky design and implementation details that derailed past attempts to change how capital gains are treated when assets are passed from one generation to the next. Under […]

Categories
Uncategorized

Tax on Stock Buybacks a Misguided Way to Encourage Investment

Stock buybacks have gained a bad rap in recent years as policymakers have blamed them for a range of economic ills, from encouraging a focus on short-term profits to reduced investment. Now, Senators Ron Wyden (D-OR) and Sherrod Brown (D-OH) have targeted buybacks for a 2 percent excise tax in the reconciliation package. But research […]

Categories
Uncategorized

How Biden’s Business Tax Proposals Would Impact Taxpayers Across States

The Biden administration has proposed several tax increases on businesses, whether structured as C corporations subject to the corporate income tax or passthrough entities such as S corporations, partnerships, or sole proprietorships that are subject to the individual income tax. It is important to remember that those business taxes ultimately fall on people, including business […]

Categories
Uncategorized

New Research Suggests Estimates of Wealth Inequality Likely Overstated

Some of President Biden’s tax proposals, such as taxing unrealized capital gains at death, are specifically aimed at reducing wealth inequality. Indeed, it is commonly asserted that wealth inequality is too high and rapidly growing over time. However, new research from Federal Reserve Bank of Boston economists suggests wealth inequality has grown less than previously […]