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How Does Inflation Reduction Act Minimum Tax Compare to Global Minimum Tax?

Over the course of the last year, it has become clear that Democratic lawmakers want to change U.S. tax rules for large companies. However, as proposals have been debated in recent months, there are have been clear divides between U.S. proposals and the global minimum tax rules. Before getting too far into the weeds, it […]

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Ranking Individual Income Taxes on the 2022 State Business Tax Climate Index

This week’s map examines states’ rankings on the individual income tax component of our 2022 State Business Tax Climate Index. The individual income tax is important to businesses because states tax sole proprietorships, partnerships, and in most cases limited liability companies (LLCs) and S corporations under the individual income tax code. However, even traditional C corporations are […]

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Iowa Enacts Sweeping Tax Reform

When Iowa Gov. Kim Reynolds (R) delivered the Republican response to the State of the Union Address on March 1, she touted a state tax reform package on which the ink was barely dry: “Today, I signed legislation that eliminates Iowa’s tax on retirement income and sets our tax rate at 3.9 percent. That’s less […]

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2022 Tax Brackets

See 2021 Tax Brackets On a yearly basis the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) adjusts more than 60 tax provisions for inflation to prevent what is called “bracket creep.” Bracket creep occurs when people are pushed into higher income tax brackets or have reduced value from credits and deductions due to inflation, instead of any increase in […]

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Lawmakers Consider Untested and Complex Policies to Fund Reconciliation Bill

Tax reform should simplify the tax code. Instead, Congress is debating new ways to raise revenue that would make the tax code more complex and more difficult to administer. The new proposals—imposing an alternative minimum tax on corporate book income, applying an excise tax on stock buybacks, levying a surcharge on higher earners, and, at […]

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2017 Tax Changes Increase the Benefit of Uncapping SALT Deductions for High Income Taxpayers

As policymakers weigh whether to lift or repeal the $10,000 cap on state and local tax (SALT) deductions enacted by the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA), they have to wrestle with how that change would primarily benefit high-earning taxpayers. As some have pointed out, other TCJA changes may further increase the benefits of an […]

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Evaluating Proposals to Increase the Corporate Tax Rate and Levy a Minimum Tax on Corporate Book Income

Table of Contents Key Findings President Joe Biden and congressional policymakers have proposed several changes to the corporate income tax, including raising the rate from 21 percent to 28 percent and imposing a 15 percent minimum tax on the book income of large corporations. The proposals are being considered to raise revenue for new spending […]

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Changes to the Tax Base Matter When Evaluating the Impact of Tax Reforms

In December, scholars David Hope and Julian Limberg released a study with the London School of Economics (LSE) examining the economic effects of reducing tax rates for high-income individuals and corporations. The paper illustrates how overlooking an important element of the tax system—the structure of the tax base—can lead to an incomplete understanding of how […]

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What Federal Policymakers Can Learn from Business Tax Refunds in 2020

A new report by the Government Accountability Office (GAO) highlights the ways federal policymakers and the White House could build on the federal response to the coronavirus pandemic and economic downturn. As part of this report, GAO reviewed how the relief measures for businesses and individuals have worked through 2020, including information about tax refund […]

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A Carbon Tax to Make the TCJA’s Individual Provisions Permanent

Key Findings At the end of 2025, most individual income tax provisions of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) will expire, increasing taxes on individuals. Making these provisions permanent is estimated to reduce federal tax revenues by $176 billion annually (in 2021 dollars). While making these provisions permanent would increase the long-run size of […]