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IMF Tax Proposals: Shrink Inequality or Sink Post-Pandemic Recovery?

Countries face twin economic challenges with the COVID-19 pandemic: maintain fiscal support to businesses that have been affected by the pandemic and prepare for an uneven and uncertain economic recovery, and work towards budgetary stability and reduce the risks associated with growing public debt. However, moving too fast towards budgetary stability either through tax hikes […]

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Leveling Up: The UK’s Super-Deduction and its Regional Divide

The UK government has made “leveling up”—a push to boost economic performance in less thriving regions of the UK—one of its top policy priorities. The recent introduction of a UK super-deduction for capital investments in plant and equipment will likely contribute to this goal. Higher capital allowances for plant and equipment disproportionally help capital-intensive industries […]

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Marginal Effective Tax Rates and the 2021 UK Budget

Table of Contents Key Findings The 2021 UK budget introduces a two-year super-deduction of 130 percent for plant and equipment and a delayed corporate tax rate increase from 19 percent to 25 percent in 2023. These policies have differential impacts on marginal effective tax rates (METRs) for different assets, implying investment incentives will not be […]

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Wyden’s Energy Tax Proposal a Mixed Bag

With the $1.9 trillion American Rescue Act package signed into law, lawmakers are looking for the next issue to tackle. As the Biden administration turns toward infrastructure, Sen. Ron Wyden (D-OR) has suggested including reforms to the way the tax code subsidizes energy production in such a package. Wyden introduced the Clean Energy for America […]

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Evaluating Proposals to Increase the Corporate Tax Rate and Levy a Minimum Tax on Corporate Book Income

Table of Contents Key Findings President Joe Biden and congressional policymakers have proposed several changes to the corporate income tax, including raising the rate from 21 percent to 28 percent and imposing a 15 percent minimum tax on the book income of large corporations. The proposals are being considered to raise revenue for new spending […]

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Increasing the Tax Burden on Capital Investment and Automation Hurts Workers

Over the past half decade, there has been an ongoing debate about how automation and the use of robots in the workplace has impacted workers’ wages and employment. Recently, economists Andrea Manera and Daron Acemoglu of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and Pascual Restrepo of Boston University examined whether tax policy favors certain forms […]

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Prospects for Federal Tax Policy After the 2020 Election

As Americans receive more clarity on the outcome of the 2020 presidential and congressional elections, the prospects for federal tax policy headed into 2021 are also becoming clearer. A Biden administration may have to work with a Republican Senate majority (pending the results of runoff elections in Georgia) and a Democrat-controlled House to navigate various […]

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Reviewing the Commitment to American GROWTH Act

Last week, Congressman Kevin Brady (R-TX) and U.S. House Minority Leader Kevin McCarthy (R-CA) introduced H.R. 11, the Commitment to American GROWTH Act, outlining an alternative to Democratic presidential nominee Joe Biden’s tax vision. The proposal would address upcoming expirations of the 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) and create or expand other tax […]

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Designing a Global Minimum Tax with Full Expensing

The work at the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) has included plans to propose a global minimum tax. While negotiations are ongoing, it is worth considering a design for the minimum tax that would be neutral toward investment decisions and minimize complexity and compliance costs. Over the summer, a draft of an OECD […]

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How the CARES Act Fixed a Tax Bias Against Green Investment

One under-discussed part of the CARES Act, passed in March to provide economic relief during the COVID-19 epidemic, is a correction to a drafting error in the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017, often known as the “retail glitch.” The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act provided 100 percent bonus depreciation for many short-lived assets, […]